HISTORY OF THE HAWKES NAME (Source
interesting name is of Anglo-Saxon origin, and has three possible origins, the
first of which is from an Olde English pre 7th Century personal name,
originally a byname, 'H(e)afoc', meaning 'Hawk', and
recorded in the 1066 Winton Rolls of Hampshire as 'Havoc'. The second origin is
related to the above, and is a nickname surname of medieval times, arising from
the supposed resemblance of someone to a hawk and its characteristics, such as
sharp sight, ferocity, or the possession of a hooked nose like a hawk's beak.
The nickname derives from the Olde English 'heafoc', Middle English 'hau(l)k'
The surname Hawk, of which Hawkes is the patronymic form,
meaning 'son of Hawk', can also be a metonymic occupational name for a hawker,
one who trained hawks. William Hawkes was awarded a B.A. at Oxford University
in 1539. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of
Robert Hawk, witness, which was dated 1269, The Assize Court Records of
Northumberland, during the reign of King Henry III, The Frenchman, 1216 to
1272. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation.
this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country
have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of
the original spelling.
family including McLarnon
by a name refer to personal number in listing eg LYDIA 2 HAWKES see 2
GENERATION ONE :
1.~ ~ ~ BENJAMIN HAWKES was born around 1815 and married ELIZA
RAY on 12 October 1835 at Datchet, Buckingham,
was the daughter of HENRY RAY and SARAH (surname unknown) and was born in Hampshire, England.
Benjamin and Eliza left England
for New Zealand
with their six children on the Louisa
Campbell in 1842.
Children of BENJAMIN HAWKES and ELIZA RAY were :
JAMES THOMAS HAWKES, baptized 22 May 1836 in Berkshire,
England; died 20 June 1908
in Avondale, Auckland,
(male child) HAWKES,
born prior to Lydia.
LYDIA 2 HAWKES
born in Maidenhead, Berkshire,
HENRY HAWKES born
around 1840; died June 1842; buried at Old
Cemetery in Auckland.
Twin daughters ELLEN
HAWKES and MARY ANN HAWKES, baptized 27 August 1841 in Bray, Berkshire, England.
The girls died shortly after arriving in New Zealand, one in June and one in
July 1842. They were both were buried at Old
Cemetery in Auckland.
There was much tragedy in the life
of this pioneer family. Henry suffered greatly on the long sea voyage to New Zealand and
died a day or two after landing in June 1842 aged 2 years. On 3 July 1842 Eliza
died after being fatally scalded while doing the family wash in one of the
old-fashioned three-legged iron pots. A few weeks later the remaining baby girl
Benjamin obtained employment with
Mr Mason, a farmer who lived in Auckland's first
milk walk in Mt Eden and Lydia
was sent to a boarding school in Victoria
Around 1847 Benjamin took over Major Bunberry's farm at Tamaki, near old St Thomas' Church. Around
1860 he settled in Papatoetoe.
Benjamin died after being thrown from his horse in
July 1866 and was buried at Papatoetoe
Cemetery, Papatoetoe, Auckland.
GENERATION TWO :
2.~ ~ ~ LYDIA HAWKES (BENJAMIN) was born in Maidenhead, Berkshire, England
in 1836 and was the third child of BENJAMIN HAWKES and ELIZA RAY. She arrived
in New Zealand
in 1842 with her family on the ship Louisa
Campbell. Within weeks her mother and three younger siblings had died and Lydia was sent
to boarding school in Victoria
and remained there until she was eleven years old. She then went to keep house
for her father and two older brothers at Tamaki.
Lydia married THOMAS ROBERT McLARNON on 14 February 1861 at the
residence of Rev J Macky in Otahuhu. Thomas was born on 29 July 1829 in Moulmein, Burma
and had come to New Zealand
with his mother MARGARET (nee BROWN) step-father ANDREW SCALLON and two
brothers on the Fencible ship Ann in
Lydia and Thomas settled in Papatoetoe and raised a family of 14 children. Lydia died in Ponsonby,
Auckland aged 89 years and was buried at Holy Trinity
Cemetery in Otahuhu, Auckland. Thomas died on 19 October 1900 and
was also buried at Holy
> Refer to the McLARNON
more information about the family of Thomas and children of Thomas and Lydia.
Please note that
in keeping to genealogy publishing protocol I have not included information about
later generations including living persons.
If you have a family connection please contact me for
> Home ~ ~ ~ > McLarnon ~ ~ ~ > A Pioneer Mother (an interview with Lydia in 1925)
Gather ye the
fragments that remain that nothing be lost